Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Laa ilaaha il-lAllaah, Allaahu Akbar Allaahu Akbar, Wa Lil-laahil-hamd

(Allaah is the Greatest, Allaah is the Greatest, Allaah is the Greatest,there is no god but Allaah; Allaah is the Greatest and to Allaah be all praise)

Did Eve cause Adam to be expelled out of the Garden?

Bismillah Alrahman Alrahim..

A bunch of questions usually run inside our minds about the very early appearance of humanity on earth.. The Islamic view of this issue seems somewhat different from that represented in other religions, this gives rise to many inquiries, some of which I tried to cover here...

Why was Adam created?
Adam and Eve. Miniature by Ottoman Historiographer
Seyyid Loqman Ashuri, from the Zubdat-al Tawarikh,
 dedicated to Sultan Murad III in 1583. 16th century.
Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts, Istanbul, Turkey.

When Allah created Adam, He created him for two reasons: to worship Him, and to success the earth:

 [2:30]And when thy Lord said unto the angels: Lo! I am about to place a viceroy in the EARTH, they said: Wilt thou place therein one who will do harm therein and will shed blood, while we, we hymn Thy praise and sanctify Thee ? He said: Surely I know that which ye know not.

Here, the verse showed that Adam was created to LIVE ON EARTH, to be a viceroy.. and this is the burden that human accepted to carry:

[33:72] We had offered the Trust (of divine responsibilities) to the heavens, the earth, the mountains, but they refrained from bearing the burden and were frightened of it; but man took it on himself. He is a faithless ignoramus.

In the garden, Allah created Adam, from mud coming from different places of earth, mixed with water, source of life, then breathed in him from His own soul.
Allah then warned them from listening to Satan

The garden was an exam, for Adam and his offspring, to know that Satan is their enemy, that they should obey directions of their Lord, that when they mistake, Allah is there to forgive those who repent.

“He said: get forth, some of you, the enemies of others, and there is for you in the earth an abode and a provision for a time” “he (also) said: therein shall you live, and therein shall you die, and from it shall you be raised”
Adam, living alone in the garden, felt lonely, so while he was asleep, Allah created Hawaa, or Eve, from Adam’s rib, them Adam woke up, he saw her, he asked: who are you? She said: I’m Eve, he asked: where did you come from? She said: I was created from your ribs, so he asked: what for? She said: to be your “sakan” (means dwell with her in tranquility).

“Then We said: "O Adam! verily, this is an enemy to thee and thy wife: so let him not get you both out of the Garden, so that thou art landed in misery.”

But Stan seduced them both, and made them eat from the prohibited tree:

“In the result, they both ate of the tree, and so their nakedness appeared to them: they began to sew together, for their covering, leaves from the Garden: thus did Adam disobey his Lord, and allow himself to be seduced.”

“o children of Adam! let not the Satan cause you to fall into affliction as he expelled your parents from the garden, pulling off from them both their clothing that he might show them their evil inclinations, he surely sees you, he as well as his host, from whence you cannot see them; surely we have made the Satans to be the guardians of those who do not believe”
Then both Adam and Eve fell to the earth,

But what about the garden/Jannah where Adam was created? Why didn't he just stay there?

Hmmm.. this question used to make me wonder and think much, but I once heard the explanation from a great scholar, sheikh Muhammad Mitwally Ash-shaarawy, may Allah be pleased with him, he made it like that:

The word: Jannah/Paradise is an Arabic word stands for paradise of heaven, and for gardens of earth, like the verses:
[55:46] But for him who lived in awe of the sublimity of his Lord, there will be two gardens

[34:15] There was a sign for the people of Saba in their habitations: Two gardens, on the right and left. (And they were told:) "Eat of what your Lord has given you and be thankful. Fair is your land, and forgiving your Lord."

The two previous verses both used the word Jannah/garden, but one meant the Paradise and one meant a garden on Earth.

From this was the conflict among scholars, but the wisest of them said:
"The heaven Paradise was never seen by any living creature, and it couldn't be the garden that Adam was created in for a simple reason, that the one who enters jannah of heaven shall never get out:"

[15:48] No weariness will come upon them, nor will they be sent away from there.

So what was that jannah where Adam was created in? it was a jannah of training.
And the word dwell mentioned for Adam expelled out of that jannah meant to go from a higher state to a lower state, from this jannah to real earth, not necessarily to fall from heaven to earth, and that jannah just disappeared.. it did its job! Where is it now? Allah knows best!

What about Eve?

In fact, the decision has been taken from both of them, and Adam was the leader of his small family, so he's the one who would then suffer earning their living then,

[2:35 And We said: O Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden, and eat ye freely (of the fruits) thereof where ye will; but come not nigh this tree lest ye become wrong-doers.

36 But Satan caused them to deflect therefrom and expelled them from the (happy) state in which they were; and We said: Fall down, one of you a foe unto the other! There shall be for you on earth a habitation and provision for a time.

37 Then Adam received from his Lord words (of revelation), and He relented toward him. Lo! He is the relenting, the Merciful.

38 We said: Go down, all of you, from hence; but verily there cometh unto you from Me a guidance; and whoso followeth My guidance, there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.

39 But they who disbelieve, and deny Our revelations, such are rightful Peoples of the Fire. They will abide therein. ]

Look at the addressing in the previous verses, both Adam and Eve were included, that's something Allah meant for it to be, so be sure if I or you or anybody else was i n their shoes, we would all have done the same.

Moreover, the Noble Quran mentioned that story in different sites, each describes a different situation between Satan and both Adam and Eve, that seems like a record of a daily delusion Satan used to exert upon Adam and Eve, indeed they have shown some rejection and defense.

If it's so, then why was all this for?

Allah wanted to teach Adam a little lesson before he goes on with his life on Earth.. SATAN IS UR ENEMY, but it was made in a practical lesson, another lesson Adam learned, ALLAH IS UR SHELTER, HIS DOORS ARE ALWAYS OPEN, AND HE'S ALWAYS THERE WATCHING YOU.

These lessons are the core of life, they are the pavement we'll walk on to fulfill our mission here on earth. just like training your child to someday separate from you and have his own life, or like a soldier being trained to get ready for a battle.. and life is a great battle, and has no time for rest indeed.. but we are still lazy!

Allah doesn't need us, or our worship, and He's beyond question.. if you really know He's your creator, the next step shall be obeying Him and submission to His might.. So if u ask if Allah doesn't need us so why did He create us, I'd say I've no answer but for expression of His power as a Creator.

Back to Adam, he knew now the way to Allah, knew how to return for Him after mistake, just like what his offspring shall do. And he fulfilled his mission, he worshipped Allah the way Allah commanded him, and worked on earth, made a change in it, brought the whole mankind.

Now why need testing if Allah already knew who deserves jannah and who doesn’t?

When someone brings you a gift for no reason but that he knows you are smart, would it be better or having an exam where all would have the same chance to express their abilities then the reward goes for those who SHOWED UP intelligence and hard work?

Suppose Allah let us all go to heaven, each in his grade; some have lower and some have higher grades, couldn't just anybody of lower grades say: O' God, this is unfair.. I deserve to be higher!! suppose Allah replies: no, I know u don't.. the reply would then be: try me, and will see!

Another thing… when someone works so hard and then get paid, he feels the joy of earning that with his hard work.. and when you do something wrong to someone and apologize then he accepts your apology, you just feel grateful to him.. That's how it goes; a human who enters jannah after that earth life feels so grateful that Allah granted him with mercy and the great reward of forgiveness and the jannah where joy is endless.

But Adam sinned, this means that all prophets sin, is that logic? And why were we created sinning? And how would we enter jannah after that?

Sinning doesn't mean being unworthy.. we all enter Jannah by Allah's mercy after all, not even with our good deeds, it's Allah who made us be able to do them! Gave us tongue, eyes, limbs, will, health…

And asking for forgiveness means that you recognize Allah's power and direct to His Face.. means you know what God means, and God's mercy is beyond imagination.

But on condition that: do not live a sinful life and turn to repent when you're about to die! That means cheating, and relation with Allah must be so pure and honest.

The one who sins and doesn't repent just sends that message: I DON'T RECOGNIZE YOU AS A GOD, I don't care for you!

The more you regard Allah the more you get closer to Him, your sins lessen while your awareness of His watchfulness is heightened; this is when you have a different meaning of sinning: you'll then consider wasting time a sin, overeating a sin, oversleeping a sin.. you'll just see Allah in every movement and try not to let Him see something He Hates from you, you'll then see even thinking of sin is a sin.. that's sure a very high grade, and that's somewhat the grade of sinning for the prophets.

And yeah, sinning is part of being human: in a Hadith, Prophet Muhammad tells that: if you don't sin, Allah would remove you and bring others who sin then repent then be forgiven!

Okay, but if earth resembles paradise, then why is there earth or why is there paradise?

This question was really based on the verse:
[2:25] And give glad tidings (O Muhammad) unto those who believe and do good works; that theirs are Gardens underneath which rivers flow; as often as they are regaled with food of the fruit thereof, they say: this is what was given us aforetime; and it is given to them in resemblance. There for them are pure companions; there for ever they abide.

Allah made heaven similar to earth in shape of fruits, trees, birds… to make us feel familiar to it, but Allah who was able to create different crops rising out of same soil could make a banana in heaven look like a banana on earth but with a different taste and pleasure.

So they indeed are totally different, the differences are too many to be mentioned here, and the Noble Quran mentioned that issue in detail.

Glad to receive your feed back.... and Allah knows best!

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